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Saturday, December 1, 2018

CP470A: Seth McFarlane's Shows, The Simpsons and Masculinity

By On 12:51 PM

Suzanne Williams-Rautiola's essay titled Animated Fathers: Representations of Masculinity in "The Simpsons" and "King of the Hill", presents the idea that in these aforementioned animated sitcoms, the lead males are not characterized to be a "culturally idealized form of masculinity." They write that while moreover, they represent two very different and complex forms of masculinity.  For example, Hank Hill embodies only a few buffoonish characteristics that Homer had, but many of the culturally idealized forms of masculinity. Those being characteristics defined by his strength, or moreover, physicality.  Homer is the complete opposite, even to the fact that even his children "outdistance" him. 

Peter Griffin from Family Guy falls in-line with the both of them as he exhibits characteristics of both men. He's the buffoon, he's the hegemonic masculine figure. He's a normative masculine, seemingly middle-class white male. Therefore, he has it all. And seemingly following suit, the show has garnered multiple seasons of the main characters transgressing through multiple issues involving the topic of masculinity and the representation of the family. You could even extend this to Stan's character in Seth McFarlane's other show, American Dad, which serves to explore these topics further. One could even cite The Clevland Show as another show that is doing something quite similar, but also doing so via an African American man, which adds another layer of how one might read these issues. 

Tuesday, November 6, 2018

CP470: Family Guy and Motherhood

By On 10:41 AM

In class, we discussed the topic of motherhood. However, several of the archetypes in this realm of motherhood are often placed in this sort of binary categorization. From what we discussed in class, we found in the media often positions women as "good" mothers or"bad" mothers, much like women are categorized and trivialized generally overall.  However, animation often serves to open the divide and challenge these representations by providing alternate and often conflicting narratives to the concept of motherhood.

Victoria Nagy discusses the ways in which this occurs in adult animated shows like South Park, which includes a variety of the conflicted motherly characterizations that the author discusses. Those characterizations, or stereotypes, include the single mother, the middle-class mother and the Jewish mother. They write that the stereotypes are often exaggerated and for comedic effect. However and I, however, for the sake of the argument would like to talk about the middle-class mother in relation to the animated television show, Family Guy. Though Nagy does not discuss the show to the same extent as South Park, she does mention the show as one of her examples of animated shows that feature this stereotype.

Nagy writes that the middle-class mothers are categorized on this broad spectrum of sorts. They're characters that she clumps together who are married homemakers with no discernable ethnic group who are reflected through the actions of their husbands. Therefore, their autonomy is lost and  Lois Griffin is the perfect characterization for someone on this spectrum as she never really leaves the house and many of her "stories" revolve primarily around the household and moreover, her husband, Peter, and his misadventures. However, unlike the other mothers that Nagy mentions in her article, this stereotype draws from the myth of motherhood that denotes them as "perfectly loving, kind, patient and giving." Lois ' characterization does stem from that as she is kind of the opposite. She is actually the opposite in most cases, specifically to her daughter, Meg. Not only does she constantly berate and shame her, but she also has been shown stealing her boyfriend. She, also, revels in her own sexuality, which also goes to break the stereotype for conventional motherhood. However, this does extend or perpetuate the objectification of her character, which still isn't good. Literally, when you Google the words, Lois and Familly Guy, there are only pictures of her half-naked.

This differs largely from the mothers in South Park, whose, again, only agency stems from their husbands alone and it is only by way of divorce, as Nagy explains in South Park that they are able to break free from that mold. 

Wednesday, October 17, 2018

CP470A: Coco and How Disney Presents Race

By On 10:48 AM

There has never been a point in time that Disney has not had a complicated relationship with race. We've mentioned it time and time again surrounding the ways in which they represent minority characters, especially in regards to the Disney Princesses, whom many people deem less diverse than Disney would think them to be. However, I don't think I've ever seen them deny or reject the possibility of a character being ethnic before, especially when there are so many clues that lead one to think so and Disney has traditionally had problems with inclusivity. Christopher Chavez' article titled, "Starlets, Subscribers, and Beneficiaries: Disney, Latino Children, and Television Labor" discusses the controversy surrounding the supposed inclusion of Disney's first Latina Princess, Princess Sofia.

 After the premiere of Sofia the First, many people noted links between the aforementioned princess and a Latin American coding, which they pretty much confirmed by the show's executive producer. However, after a series of criticisms over whether the character is “Hispanic enough,” Disney claims that Sofia was never supposed to be Latina in the first place, they withdrew their initial claims, stating that she was never meant to be considered Latin in the first place. In Chavez' article, he discusses Disney's postracial stance in regards to the cultural production of works like Sofia and contextualizes this case by way of other works featuring minority characters.

In class, we watched Coco, Disney Pixar's latest Oscar-award winning film, which also happens to utilize large elements of Latin culture to tell its story. Coco tells the story of a young Mexican boy named Miguel who longs to be a famous musician like his idol, Ernesto de la Cruz. However, his family holds disdain for music, causing Miguel to lash out after they disapprove of him wanting to perform for a Dia de las Muertos concert. This lashing out results in Miguel being transported to the land of the undead, where he must obtain his family's blessing by a certain amount of time or he will be stuck. The thing that struck most people about this film was its authenticity and its culturally conscious nature, especially coming from a white director. Therefore, not only is this film a big political statement towards adults in regards to the political climate in America and its stance towards people of color but it also one towards children in their color coding.

This, however, is quite different from the "color-blind" argument that Disney provides during the discussion on "Sofia the First", which suggests a certain hypocrisy. If Disney is doing well, they are all for representation, if they are not, then it is not their fault that people are color-coding their work. This raises many questions about Disney's integrity and moreover, how they view their audience-goers. Are they people or are they simply consumers? This is especially an important question in regards to the children that watch their content. Chavez writes that "today, children are big business." This is true, especially in regards to Disney, whose primary audience is children. Disney wanting to be caution in their representation of certain groups of people is important, and moreover, necessary. However, this also suggests that there is only one certain way to be in regards to this group, especially because they're only projecting one certain image of an entire culture. Therefore, its almost as if they're micromanaging certain identities to perpetuate revenue and unfortunately, with their track record in regards to other films featuring minority figures, it looks like they'll probably continue on with this mindset and business tack.

Thursday, October 11, 2018

CP470A: The Boondocks, Animating Race and Humor

By On 8:50 AM

What makes The Boondocks so funny? Many people deem it racist and moreover, most humor that addresses race happens to more than often to be racist. In the age of political correctness and the word "woke" being at the forefront of everyone's vernacular, you would think that a show like this would not be able to run for more than a single season, much less than four. However, the humor and messages that the Boondocks are communicating are far from racist. In fact, the show is one of the most honest, progressive and thought-provoking shows about race that has been released in a long time.

In class, we watched a couple of episodes of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids and a couple of episodes of The Boondocks. The differences in the humor and people's perception of the shows' humor were evident. Fat Albert produced laughter in more slap-stick manner. The kids play in the dumpster, their appearances are overtly dramatic for comedic effect and moreover, they say silly things and bully one another. For a child, it's straight-forward and funny. For an adult, there is something else almost sinister about it. For example, the kids live in a garbage dump. They play with trash and they swim around and bathe in dirty water. The simple fact of the matter is that they come from a poor neighborhood and live in poverty and it's made a joke out of. The Boondocks is quite different as the characters' disparity and the disparity of the African American community, amongst many other issues, are made out to be a discourse.

It's a satirical discourse, but with some contextualization, it makes sense and it is fewer people are likely to be offended. The reading by Sarah Turner even illustrates the ways in which the "moment of decoding" occurs in which enables audiences to engage in an alternate reading of the text. This is what allows us to comprehend and explore the different animated works through a multitude of lenses, interjecting or reading through the lines by whatever means we choose to. For examples, when talking about The Boondocks, there is some historical/racial context that could be taken at face value, but in certain episodes, we are allowed to view things a gender-based or sexuality-based lens, especially with the introduction of future characters, like Thugnificient, who comes out as gay later on the series, or Tom, who has a perpetual fear of being gang-raped. There are things to say about each of these things, but decoding a work allows for a better, well-rounded understanding of it.

Thursday, September 20, 2018

CP470A: The Problem With Apu and Animating Race

By On 12:08 AM

The 2017 documentary by Hari Kondaboli titled, The Problem With Apu, forced a lot of people to confront their conflicted relationships with the long-running animated series, The Simpsons. In the film, Kondaboli tackles the characterization of Apu Nahasapeemapetilon by interviewing several South Asian people and seeing how his characterization affected them. As one may have thought, many people have grown tired of Apu and would like to see his character retired, along with the rest of the show altogether. 

This is because they feel that the show has not only gone on far too long but also because Apu's characterization is based on a racially charged stereotype. The chapter on"Animating Race" that we were assigned discusses the ways in which these stereotypes are created and how they affect the individuals they are supposed to represent. "Cartoons frequently portrayed explicit forms of racism, utilizing stock motifs and images such as the lazy Latino, the cannibalistic native, the rotund and dutiful Mammy, and the wily 'Oriental,' " writes the author. "From the silent era to the early years of animation’s golden age, cartoons produced for either adults or children both reaffirmed and taught American audiences how to think and speak about race." Therefore, when audiences see these images, they will then begin to associate these characteristics with the real-life individuals and the culture they represent. And moreover, the depictions in these animations are more-so depictions of minstrelsy than anything else and Kondaboli makes this clear by comparing Apu's character to scenes featuring blackface, which defines each character not by their personality, but by their voice and face, which also serves as the punchline.

In the case of the Simpsons overall, the punchline surrounds the fact Apu is that he is Indian. Kondaboli takes note of this and criticizes the Simpson's comedy in the documentary. Though ethnic stereotypes have become a staple part of comedy, the issues with Apu is that he is eternal. Therefore, the stereotypes affiliated with him are as well. Unfortunately, the Simpsons are not making any strives to improve this issue, as they've unofficially released a statement that essentially attempts to justify Apu's character.

When asked about a book of hers that has not become problematic, Lisa's character in the show responds like this: "It's hard to say," she starts. "Something that started decades ago, and was applauded and inoffensive, is now politically incorrect. What can you do?" She then looks to a photo of Apu and the scene ends. A lot of this has stirred up controversy and many people want the Simpsons to end because of it. Whether or not The Simpsons can be saved is one question. Whether or not they're correct about Apu is another. There's discourse on both ends about what to do about the situation, but there's only so much that can be done since so much damage as already been caused. 

Thursday, January 4, 2018

Film Review: I, Tonya (2017) and America's Fascination with Scandals and Villiany and The Elusive "Truth"

By On 5:33 AM

"I mean, come on! What kind of friggin' person bashes in their friend's knee? Who would do that to a friend?"

 Starring: Margot Robbie, Sebastian Stan, Allison Janney
Written By: Steven Rogers
Directed By: Craig Gillespie
Release Date: December 10, 2017

America has had a long history of fascination with scandal and the wrongdoings of others, (see: the increasing popularity of true-crime narratives/documentaries like American Crime Story, Becoming JonBenet, Making a Murder) but behind every headline, there’s a person with a story to tell; one that we’re more than happy to devour up mindlessly until we're forced to make a choice about that character based upon the evidence we're given.  
The protagonist in this comedic reimagining of the great American ice skating scandal is none other than Tonya Harding herself, played impeccably by Margot Robbie. Robbiei shines at depicting both Harding’s hardened resilience and charming determination during this disjointed recollection of her rise to fame. Tonya Harding was a spectacle of a woman, looking for love and acceptance in all the wrong ways. Physically beaten into her at an early age by her mother, LaVona (Allison Janney) Tonya was a girl bred to win. Heckled by men her mother paid and forced to skate covered in her own urine, LaVona did everything she could to make her daughter a star, even at the cost of Tonya's mental health. Tony acknowledges this very fact as she relays what she believes to be the psychology of her abuse to us as it occurs at the hand of her then-husband, Jeff Gillooly (Sebastian Stan). However, Tonya not only interrupts the scenes of her abuse by breaking the fourth wall directly, but she also finds a way to interject her bitter commentary even further by cutting back to her being interviewed years later and commenting on what's occured. While this makes us question the legitimacy of her experiences as we, too, are being jolted back-and-forth with contradictory claims, the point of it all is to allow the audience a chance to make a choice on who to believe. “I never hit her,” Jeff says, “But boy did she hit me.” The scene then cuts to Jeff being shot at by Tonya, who then turns to the camera and denies it ever happening.

So, where is this elusive “truth”? Tonya likes to believe that it doesn’t truly exist. “It’s bullshit,” she states, “Everyone has their own truth and life just does whatever the fuck it wants.” This is further reiterated by the inconsistent shuffling of both the camera and the commentary of the film as each character chimes in their take on the story. For example, after Tonya’s relays her experience in landing the triple axel and the eventual success that came with it, the screen splits to reveal both her and Jeff being interviewed separately on the matter. Though they both state that it changed everything, it’s obvious that these statements evoke very different connotations and it’s up to us to make a choice. 
Tonya’s life off the rink dominates the film just as much her skating does, but they do not drive the film singularly. Her abusive marriage, her abusive childhood, and the insecurities that she has about her background are what all push her to skate, but unbeknownst to her, they’re also what holds her back. She wishes her scores just reflected her skating and nothing more. However, we inkling that we get of the industry’s bias against her self-proclaimed redneck personality, which prompts the idea that she never even had a chance, but  the film shifts from this dynamic far too early on for the sake of reminding the audience why they’re there in the first place – to witness the assault of Nancy Kerrigan. 
Skating is not only the film’s driving force but it’s ultimately an unconscious backdrop to Tonya’s transformation into the slightly deranged woman that the audience knows she will become due to prior news coverage. Thankfully, this time around, we’re given an explanation for it. To Tonya, a win in figure skating also won her hearts of everyone watching, which ultimately resulted in her achieving the love she was denied at home as a child and as an adult. Though this love only lasted a while, it was love that the millions of Americans watching her willing to dish out at a moment’s notice to whoever was in the spotlight that drove her to do what she did. And ultimately, it’s the reason for Tonya’s claim to fame after being villainized for the attack years later, which she throws rightfully back in our faces towards the end of the film.“It was like being abused all over again, only this time it was by you,” she states. “All of you. You’re all my attackers, too.” Meaning: her downfall just was much as our fault as it was hers. It was up to us whether or not she was the villain and while she is capable of being excused from her actions depending on how we read the film, we can not be for making them excusable in the first place.

Tuesday, January 2, 2018

My Top 10 Films of 2017

By On 10:20 PM

Dear readers, welcome to 2018! Now that we're in a new year, it's time for me to make proactive resolutions about my life that I more than likely will not keep! However, I cannot move forward with my future procrastinations without reflecting on the vast multitude of films that I actually took the time out of my schedule to see, but this isn't just a list of all the films that I saw last year. This is a list of the "Best of the Best." Best, being completely subjective to the fact that both cinematic and literary merit remains as my only criteria in picking films for this list.
 And while I've done this compilation for the last couple of years now, as per usual, I did miss out on some (a lot) films that probably would have made this list had I seen them. Therefore, unfortunately for all of us here, I will not be mentioning the likes of masterpieces like Call Me By Your Name or The Shape of Water. That being said, there were still tons of other films that I saw that captivated me for one reason or another and here they are:
10.  The Lovers
 Though I initially held a disdain for this film upon viewing it for its stage play antics, I've grown fond of this film after viewing it again for class. There's something quite interesting and even quite humilifying about the eerie tonality of this film and the simultaneous humor and excessive melodrama that it encompasses to achieve all that it does. 
9. Your Name (Kimi no Na wa)
Though disjointed in both tone and thematics, this film brilliantly interweaves dreams, time and reality in a way that's both beautiful, mentally exhausting and ultimately, quite surprising for what it had been marketed as, all of which make up for its complicated premise.
 8. Mr. Roosevelt
Noël Wells’ high energy directorial debut soars as one of my favorites from the plethora of  mumblecore films that have been released this year. Most mumblecore films tend to draw on this element as their driving force, but none seem to hit home to both the on-going dysunfunctionality of reality impacting with the irreality of our own desires as this film.
7. Okja 
Some may call it preachy, I venture it being a spectacle of profound cinematic politics bringing forward principal elements of modern day capitalism, loyalty and friendship and being as environmentally aware as I am, featuring Okja on my list this year was a no-brainer. 
 6. Beatriz at Dinner
The most cathartic element of a film like Beatriz at Dinner is that it gives even the most divisive audience members various moments of poignancy and pathos on the inconsistencies within of the society that they live in, even though it fails to draw any conclusions based upon the issues it brings up.
5. Lady Bird
I laughed and cried and then laughed all over again throughout the entirety of Lady Bird. It’s a deeply personal film that preys on nostalgia to get by. However, these nostalgias are not solely drawn from the highlights of adolescence alone, but the sole tragedy of the process and the collateral damage that can occur in taking ahold of one’s life as well.
4. The Big Sick 

Not only does The Big Sick mange to breathe new life into the rom-com genre, it does so beautifully while simultaneously channeling the true-life events of its writers. Though it takes the risk of almost being too long through its multiple subplots like that of an Apatow-attached comedy, The Big Sick shines at is making every minute of the film worthwhile.
3. Get Out  
You know a movie has done something well when you notice something brilliant about its filmmaking each and every time you watch it. Politically charged, witty and visually stunning, Get Out is one of the most important films to be released this year and moreover, its one people will be talking about for a long time.
2. Good Time
 Good Time gets a spot at the top of the list primarily because it came as quite a surprise to me. Being not well versed in the Safdie brother's work, I didn't expect to be as floored as I was after seeing this film. Robert Pattinson's nightmarish, high energy adventure sheds some much-needed and exhilaratingly, panic driven insight to life on the streets and its one I will continue to watch whenever I feel the need for a penetrative adrenaline rush.
1. Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
3 Billboards Outside Ebbing Missouri begins with quite the literary homage while relating the inspiration for Mildred Hayes’ (Frances McDormand) grand idea. Though it occurs mere minutes into the film, it’s significance as an inspiration is one that’s hard to miss for those familiar with the tale. 3 Billboards is a film that’s not only darkly comedic as O’ Connor’s, but it is also one that is surprisingly poignant in both its tone and dialogue as McDonough draws from his own theatrical background to expose the struggles in trying to comprehend things that are out of our control.


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